Major Groups > Polypores > Spongipellis unicolor

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Spongipellis unicolor

[ Basidiomycota > Polyporales > Cerrenaceae > "Spongipellis" . . . ]

by Michael Kuo

Spongipellis unicolor is kind of a big, doinky doofus among the polypores. Its large, spongy, buff-colored cap usually appears alone, on the side of an oak tree. Its pore surface is composed of large, angular pores that can become slot-like or even tooth-like in old age. It causes a white trunkrot, and while it is not often mentioned in field guides (perhaps because it's too much of a doofus?), it can be found wherever oaks occur on our continent.

The genus Spongipellis, in theory, holds polypores that feature both thick-walled spores that turn blue in cotton blue and two-layered, zoned flesh—but recent studies (Tomsovsky 2012, Justo and collaborators, 2017) have not upheld the idea that mushrooms sharing this combination of features belong together. In fact Spongipellis unicolor's days as a Spongipellis are numbered, since it (along with Spongipellis pachyodon) is not very closely related to the official "type species" of the genus Spongipellis (Spongipellis spumea). Justo and collaborators (2017) place Spongipellis in a new family, the Cerrenaceae, which also contains Cerrena unicolor, but the authors do not create a new genus for Spongipellis pachyodon and Spongipellis unicolor.

Tyromyces unicolor and Polyporus obtusus are former names.

Description:

Ecology: Parasitic on living oaks—primarily those in the "red oak" subgenus, Lobatae; appearing on the side of the tree, above ground; causing a dark trunkrot; annual; usually growing alone; widely distributed in North America where oak species occur.

Cap: 10–20 cm across; 5–15 cm deep; semicircular to kidney-shaped; convex; dry; finely hairy to velvety, becoming finely velvety, matted, or bald; buff to pale brownish; without zones; the margin thick and rounded.

Pore Surface: Creamy, sometimes becoming dull yellowish with age; not bruising; with large, angular pores that measure 1–2 mm across and often become slot-like or tooth-like with age, especially near the point of attachment; tubes 1.5–3 cm deep.

Stem: Absent.

Flesh: Whitish; faintly zoned; spongy above and corky below.

Microscopic Features: Spores 5–7 x 4–5 µm; broadly ellipsoid; smooth; walls about 0.5 µm thick; hyaline and often uniguttulate in KOH; inamyloid. Cystidia, setae not found. Hyphal system monomitic; hyphae 2–5 µm wide, walls 0.5–1.5 µm thick, smooth, hyaline in KOH, with conspicuous clamps and frequent branching.


REFERENCES: (Schweinitz, 1822) Murrill, 1907. (Saccardo, 1888; Spaulding, 1905; Overholts, 1953; Smith, Smith & Weber, 1981; Gilbertson & Ryvarden, 1987; Tomsovsky 2012; Justo et al., 2017.) Herb. Kuo 09261701.


Thanks to Chris Crabtree for collecting, documenting, and preserving one of the illustrated and described specimens, which is deposited in The Herbarium of Michael Kuo.


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Spongipellis unicolor

Spongipellis unicolor

Spongipellis unicolor
Spores

Spongipellis unicolor
Contextual hyphae with clamp connection



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Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2018, November). Spongipellis unicolor. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/spongipellis_unicolor.html