|Major Groups > Gilled Mushrooms > Pale-Spored > Russula > Russula earlei|
by Michael Kuo
Many mushroom hunters are familiar with Hygrophorus russula--a Hygrophorus species that looks a lot like a Russula. Russula earlei might be fairly characterized as the opposite: a Russula that looks like a Hygrophorus. Its waxy-textured cap, along with its thick and distantly spaced gills, are not typical for the genus--but once you have determined it's a russula, Russula earlei is easily identified, since nothing else (in North America) comes close.
Cap: 3-11 cm; convex when young, becoming broadly convex to flat, sometimes with a shallow depression; a little sticky when wet; finely rugged, with a waxy-granular feel; the surface often cracking up with age; straw yellow to dirty orangish yellow; the margin not lined, or faintly lined at maturity; the skin tightly adnate, not peeling easily.
Gills: Attached to the stem or beginning to run down it; distant; whitish to creamy, becoming dull yellow; often with a water-soaked appearance; sometimes spotting and discoloring reddish brown.
Stem: 2.5-7 cm long; .5-2.5 cm thick; whitish to dull yellow; dry, but with a waxy feel and a water-soaked appearance; sometimes discoloring reddish brown near the base; fairly smooth; basal mycelium white.
Flesh: White to yellowish.
Odor and Taste: Odor not distinctive; taste mild, or slightly bitter or acrid.
Spore Print: White.
Chemical Reactions: KOH on cap surface dull red to reddish brown; iron salts on stem surface negative to pinkish.
Microscopic Features: Spores 3.5-6.5 x 5.5-7 µ; warts mostly isolated, extending to about
REFERENCES: Peck, 1902. (Saccardo, 1905; Burlingham, 1915; Beardslee, 1918; Bills & Miller, 1984; Kibby & Fatto, 1990; Shaffer, 1990; Phillips, 1991/2005; Roody, 2003; Binion et al., 2008.) Herb. Kuo 07290702, 08020802.
Further Online Information:
Cite this page as:
Kuo, M. (2009, March). Russula earlei. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/russula_earlei.html