|Major Groups > Gilled Mushrooms > Pale-Spored > Clitocyboid Mushrooms > Clitocybe hygrophoroides|
by Michael Kuo
Because it is reminiscent of some waxy caps (perhaps Hygrocybe pratensis var. pallida, or Hygrophorus chrysodon) this eastern clitocyboid mushroom is named "hygrophoroides"--but its cap and stem are dry, and the resemblance is only superficial. Look for Clitocybe hygrophoroides under eastern white pine in September and October.
Cap: 2-7 cm; convex with an inrolled margin, becoming flat, broadly bell-shaped, or slightly centrally depressed, with an even to wavy margin; bald or with a whitish sheen; dry; soft; sometimes developing cracks with age; white to buff.
Gills: Running down the stem; close or nearly distant; often forking; developing wrinkled cross-veins; buff.
Stem: 3-6 cm long; up to 1.5 cm thick; more or less equal; bald or with a whitish sheen; buff; basal mycelium spongy and white.
Flesh: Fairly thick; whitish; soft.
Odor and Taste: Odor fragrant. Taste not distinctive.
Chemical Reactions: KOH on cap surface negative to yellowish.
Spore Print: Buff to creamy.
Microscopic Details: Spores 5.5-8.5 x 3-4.5 µ; ellipsoid; smooth; inamyloid. Cystidia absent. Pileipellis a cutis of elements 1.5-4.5 µ wide. Clamp connections present.
REFERENCES: Bigelow, 1965. (Bigelow, 1982; Gregory, 2007.) Herb. Kuo 10300404.
Clitocybe variabilis is a very similar species from the Pacific Northwest and California; it features a whiter spore print, caps that turn greenish when dried for the herbarium, and occasional "sclerobasidia" (thick-walled, refractive, ochraceous basidia).
Cite this page as:
Kuo, M. (2010, May). Clitocybe hygrophoroides. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/clitocybe_hygrophoroides.html