Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)

[ Trees > Conifers > Pines . . . ]      Forest Type: Northern Pine-Oak ("Pine Barrens")


A short pine with 3-5-inch needles in bundles of 3; bark in dark reddish plates; cones up to 3 inches long, prickly, often opening and remaining on the branch for years; tufts of needles often arising directly from main trunk.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: In pure stands in dry areas, or mixed with scrub oaks and maples; northeastern United States from about southern Maine to northern Georgia.

Stature: 40-60 feet high; to 2 feet in diameter; with an open, irregular crown.

Needles: In bundles of 3; 3-5 inches long; yellow-green; often twisted; often arising in tufts directly from main trunk.

Bark: Dark reddish brown; in large plates.

Cones: 1.5-3.5 inches long; egg-shaped to conical; each scale tipped with a tough prickle (at least when young); often opening but remaining on the branch for years.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Amanita bisporigera, Amanita citrina, Amanita crenulata, Amanita muscaria var. guessowii, Boletus projectellus, Boletus oliveisporus, Cortinarius caperatus, Laccaria proxima, Laccaria trullissata, Leccinum species, Retiboletus griseus, Rhodocybe submaculata, Russula brevipes, Russula dissimulans, Russula ventricosipes, Scleroderma polyrhizum, Suillus brevipes, Suillus decipiens, Suillus salmonicolor, Thelephora terrestris, Tricholoma equestre, Tricholoma focale, Tricholoma magnivelare, Tricholoma sejunctum, Tylopilus felleus, and many others. Thanks to the New Jersey Mycological Association for help with this list.


Pinus rigida

Pinus rigida

Pinus rigida

Pinus rigida

Pinus rigida

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Kuo, M. (2016, January). Pitch pine (Pinus banksiana). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: