Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata)

[ Trees > Conifers > Pines . . . ]      Forest Type: Southern Pine-Oak


Southeastern pine with medium-length needles (3-5 inches long) in bundles of 2 or 3; cones about 2 inches long, with prickles.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Usually in dry areas, mixed with other pines or with hardwoods--or occasionally in pure stands.

Stature: 80-100 feet high; trunk to 3 feet in diameter; with a narrow, pyramid-shaped crown.

Needles: In bundles of 2 and 3; 3-5 inches long; yellow-green.

Bark: Thin; black and scaly when young, becoming reddish brown and broken up into plates.

Cones: 1.5-2.5 inches long; oblong, with a conical end; scales with sharp prickles at the tips.

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Suillus decipiens, and many others.

(References consulted)


Pinus echinata

Pinus echinata

Pinus echinata

Pinus echinata

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Kuo, M. (2010, November). Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: