European White Birch (Betula pendula)

[ Trees > Hardwoods > Birches . . . ]

Forest Types: Boreal and Sub-Boreal


Northern and montane European and Asian tree with distinctive, peeling white bark; twigs drooping; leaves finely toothed.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: In dry acidic soils; often in heaths and in mountains.

Stature: 40–80 feet high; to 1.5 feet in diameter; with a somewhat spreading crown when mature.

Leaves: Triangular-ish; finely, doubly toothed; green above; paler below; turning yellow in autumn.

Bark: White; peeling and papery.

Catkins: 1–2 inches long; green, drying out to dark brown.

Note: Native to Europe and Asia, Betula pendula is often planted as an ornamental in North America, where it has sometimes escaped and naturalized. The illustrated and described trees are in Italy.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Many mycorrhizal species, including Leccinum holopus and many, many others.


Betula pendula

Betula pendula

Betula pendula

Betula pendula

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Kuo, M. (2020, January). European White Birch (Betula pendula). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: