Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana)

[ Trees > Conifers > Pines . . . ]      Forest Types: Boreal, Northern Savanna, Jack Pine Forest


Short, scraggly northern pine with short needles in bundles of 2; bark not orange; cones short, often incurved on the branch and remaining closed for years.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Usually in pure stands in dry, barren areas, sandy or rocky soils, and so on; often a colonizer of burned or logged areas; northern North America.

Stature: 25-70 feet high; to 2 feet in diameter; with an open, irregular, scraggly crown.

Needles: In bundles of 2, often forming a wide V; up to 1.5 inches long; yellow-green; often twisted.

Bark: Thin; dark reddish brown; shallowly furrowed.

Cones: 1.5-2 inches long; not symmetrical; scales not developing or separating evenly; often remaining closed on the branch for years.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Aureoboletus projectellus, Gymnopus androsaceus, Suillus brevipes, Suillus salmonicolor, Suillus tomentosus, Tricholoma magnivelare, and many others.


Pinus banksiana

Pinus banksiana

Pinus banksiana

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Kuo, M. (2008, January). Jack pine (Pinus banksiana). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: