Southern Live Oak (Quercus virginiana)

[ Trees > Hardwoods > Oaks . . . ] Forest Type: Southern Pine-Oak, Southern Hardwood


Usually evergreen; growing along the Gulf Coast and the lower Atlantic Coast; leaves about 3 inches long, leathery, shiny above, with edges often a little curved under; bark dark and scaly; crown spreading; often draped with Spanish moss.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Appearing in dry and wet locations; often cultivated in towns; Gulf Coast and lower Atlantic Coast.

Stature: 50–70 feet high; to 4 feet in diameter; trunk often divided into several main limbs that spread outward, creating a very broad, spreading crown (up to 150 feet across).

Leaves: Evergreen; leathery; 1–3 inches long; unlobed; veined; a few leaves slightly toothed but most with even or slightly wavy edges; often with the edges a little curved under; dark green and shiny above; paler green below.

Bark: Thick; dark brown to nearly black; furrowed in age; often covered with moss.

Acorns: Sweet; to 1 inch long; narrow and pointy; enclosed up to 1/2 in a scaly cup.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Boletus albisulphureus, Butyriboletus floridanus, Laccaria vinaceobrunnea, Lactarius imperceptus, Lactarius proximellus, and many others.


Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana

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Kuo, M. (2020, March). Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: