Willow Oak (Quercus phellos)

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Forest Types: Southern Hardwood Swamp


Found in southern swamps; leaves without lobes or teeth, long and feather-shaped, with bristle tips; acorns tiny.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: In swamps and wet areas; southeastern in (natural) distribution.

Stature: 70-100 feet high; to 4 feet in diameter; crown rounded and dense.

Leaves: 2-5 inches long; feather-shaped; with a bristle tip; bright green above; paler below.

Bark: Thick; reddish brown to blackish; deeply furrowed when mature.

Fruit: Acorns to 1/2 inch long; enclosed in a shallow, reddish brown cup.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Pluteus mammillatus, Nigroporus vinosus, and others.


Quercus phellos

Quercus phellos

Quercus phellos

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Kuo, M. (2005, August). Willow oak (Quercus phellos). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: