Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

[ Trees > Conifers > Cedars & Junipers . . . ]      Forest Type: Various


Small to medium-sized eastern conifer with scale-like mature leaves and pointy young leaves; bark reddish brown, in long strips; fruit a bluish berry.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Rarely in pure stands; usually mixed with hardwoods; common as a pioneer species in old fields and on poor, rocky soil.

Stature: 30-40 feet high; 1-2 feet in diameter; pyramid-shaped or irregular.

Needles: When young needle-like and sharp, about 1/2 inch long; when mature scale-like and tightly pressed to branchlets; dark green.

Bark: Thin; in hairy strips that begin to peel away; reddish brown.

Fruit: Under 1/2 inch; bluish, with a whitish sheen; berry-like.

Expanded treatment of this tree can be found at our companion site,, here.

(References consulted)

Frequently Associated Mushrooms:

Antrodia juniperina, Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae (the "cedar-apple rust" that depends on eastern red cedar and apple trees to complete its life cycle), Pyrofomes juniperinus, Trametes villosa, and others.


Juniperus virginiana

Juniperus virginiana

Juniperus virginiana

Juniperus virginiana

Juniperus virginiana and Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae
Young leaves, behind Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae

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Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2006, April). Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: