Plains Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera)

[ Trees > Hardwoods > Poplars . . . ]      Forest Type: Plains Riparian


Large, spreading tree growing in low, wet soil (river bottoms, gulches, and so on); young bark smooth, but soon deeply furrowed; leaves oval-triangular, pointed, with 10-30 blunt teeth; growing in the Great Plains.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Typically in low, wet areas (along rivers, in creek bottoms, and so on), usually in pure stands; growing in the Great Plains.

Stature: 50-70 feet high; trunk to 5 feet in diameter; with a spreading and open crown; branches large, angling upwards.

Leaves: Oval-triangular; pointed; 3-4 inches long; pale green; with 10-30 rounded-off teeth; firm; stems to 3 inches long; with 1 or 2 small glands (illustrated) where the stem meets the twig.

Bark: Pale, thin, and smooth when young; soon becoming grayish brown, thick, and deeply furrowed from the base of the tree upwards.

Note: Plains cottonwood, also known as Populus deltoides var. occidentalis, is a subspecies of eastern North America's eastern cottonwood, which has longer (3-6 inches) leaves with 40-50 teeth and 3-5 glands at the point of attachment to the twig.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Amanita populiphila; Hemipholiota populnea; Morchella esculentoides; and others.


Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera

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Kuo, M. (2010, November). Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: