European Larch (Larix decidua)

[ Trees > Conifers . . . ]      Forest Type: Montane


Alpine and Carpathian conifer with deciduous, inch-long needles that arise in whorls; cones about an inch long.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: In montane forests from about 4600 feet to about 7000 feet; mixed with spruces and firs at lower elevations, but often in pure stands at higher elevations; distributed in the Alps and the Carpathian Mountains. In northeastern North America it is sometimes planted as an ornamental, and has been reported as an occasional escapee.

Stature: To 140 feet tall and 3 feet wide; with a conic crown that broadens with maturity; branches often somewhat uplifted.

Needles: 1-1.5 inches long; very thin; in clusters of 8-15, emerging in whorls; yellow-green, turning yellow to orange and falling every year.

Bark: Thick; deep grayish brown and reddish brown; smooth when young, becoming deeply furrowed with age.

Cones: 1-1.5 inches long; egg-shaped; brown; upright on branches.

(References consulted)

Frequent Mushroom Associates:

Lactarius porninsis is exclusively mycorrhizal with European larch.


Larix decidua

Larix decidua

Larix decidua

Larix decidua

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Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2016, January). European larch (Larix laricina). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: