Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)

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Forest Types: Riverine


Bark reddish brown to pinkish brown, breaking up into small scales; leaves compound, with 9-19 elongated leaflets; nuts ellipsoid, encased in shells with 4 sutures; growing east of the Great Plains.

by Michael Kuo

Habitat: Bottomland woods; growing east of the Great Plains.

Stature: Up to 100 feet high and 4 feet in diameter (or even larger); with a spreading, rounded crown.

Leaves: Compound; composed of 9-19 leaflets; leaflets shaped like elongated candle flames, doubly toothed, curved and pointed, with the end leaflet up to 8 inches long; dark yellow green and smooth on top, paler and smooth to very finely hairy below.

Bark: Reddish brown to pinkish brown; breaking into small scales with maturity.

Nuts: Ellipsoid; up to 2 inches long; nut shell thin, with four "sutures"; nut thin and pointed, sweet.

"Carya illinoensis" is an alternate spelling.

(References consulted)


Carya illinoinensis

Carya illinoinensis

Carya illinoinensis

Carya illinoinensis

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Kuo, M. (2011, June). Pecan (Carya illinoinensis). Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: