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Crepidotus applanatus

[ Basidiomycetes > Agaricales > Cortinariaceae > Crepidotus . . . ]

by Michael Kuo

This mushroom is superficially similar to the oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, but it is smaller and has a brown spore print; the oyster mushroom has a white to pale lilac print. Among other species of Crepidotus, Crepidotus applanatus can be recognized by its smooth to finely velvety, whitish cap; its fairly crowded gills, which radiate from the point of attachment; and microscopic features (see below).

Description:

Ecology: Saprobic; growing gregariously or (more commonly) in overlapping clusters on dead hardwood stumps and logs; summer and fall; widely distributed in North America.

Cap: 1-4 cm; shell-shaped or petal-shaped; somewhat flabby; smooth or finely velvety (towards the point of attachment) in all stages of development; the margin often slightly lined; white, becoming brownish to pale cinnamon brown; hygrophanous.

Gills: Close or crowded; whitish, becoming brownish in maturity.

Stem: Absent. Rarely, when conditions force the mushroom to grow straight upwards rather than in a shelf-like position, the cap may be nearly circular, creating the illusion of a rudimentary "stem" where the mushroom attaches to the wood.

Flesh: Soft; thin.

Odor and Taste: Odor not distinctive; taste mild.

Spore Print: Brown.

Microscopic Features: Spores 4-6 µ; globose; very finely punctate or roughened (often hard to discern even with oil immersion). Pleurocystidia absent. Cheilocystidia variously shaped; up to 50 x 12 µ. Pileipellis a cutis with occasional erect elements. Clamp connections present.

REFERENCES: (Persoon, 1796) Kummer, 1871. (Saccardo, 1887; Kauffman, 1918; Hesler & Smith, 1965; Phillips, 1991/2005; Lincoff, 1992; Barron, 1999; McNeil, 2006; Miller & Miller, 2006.) Herb. Kuo 08010203.

Further Online Information:

Crepidotus applanatus in Hesler & Smith (1965)
Crepidotus applanatus at Roger's Mushrooms

 

Crepidotus applanatus

Crepidotus applanatus

Crepidotus applanatus



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Cite this page as:

Kuo, M. (2007, May). Crepidotus applanatus. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/crepidotus_applanatus.html